Industrial Emissions Directive

What is the origin of IED?


The IED, dated on the 24th of November of 2010, recasts 7 previous Directives related to industrial emissions into a single clear and coherent legislative instrument.

The IED recasts the following Directives:

  • The IPPC Directive (2008/1/EC of 15 January 2008) concerns integrated pollution prevention and control.
  • The LCP Directive (2001/80/EC) on the limitation of emissions of certain pollutants into the air from large combustion plants.
  • Directive 200/76/EC on the incineration of waste.
  • Directive 1999/13/EC on the limitation of volatile organic compounds due to the use of organic solvents in certain activities and installations).
  • Three different directives relating to the production of titanium dioxide: (i) Council Directive 78/176/EEC; (ii) Council Directive 82/883/EEC; and (iii) Council Directive 92/112/EEC.

Why the recast?

To receive a permit to operate, installations covered by IPPC rules must currently apply best available techniques (BAT) to optimise their all-round environmental performance. One of the main reasons for the recast of the IPPC Directive was the inadequate and incoherent implementation of BAT across the EU.

In addition, the fact that relevant provisions were spread across seven different legal instruments was deemed to place unnecessary administrative burdens on companies, particularly those with operations spanning several Member States. As the BAT regime can only be effective if the rules in relation to BATs are constantly adapted to follow technological developments, the rules need to be adjusted to provide greater adaptability. The result of this adjustment of rules is the IED.
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